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Symptoms of diarrhea in children and Treatments 2022

Children usually have diarrhea or thin stools due to germs entering the stomach. In children, diarrhea is a cause for concern. This is because children are much more at risk of dehydration from diarrhea than adults. This dehydration can be severe if left untreated. Here’s how to prevent diarrhea and dehydration in children.

Symptoms of diarrhea in children

We usually use the words ‘diarrhea’ and ‘thin stool’ in the same sense. However, in medical terms, soft or thin stools do not necessarily mean diarrhea. If you have a soft or thin stool three times a day or more, it is usually called diarrhea.

For babies who are breastfed, their bowel movements are naturally soft and sticky. That is not diarrhea. However, if your child has thinner stools than usual, it is also considered as diarrhea.

Symptoms of dehydration in children

In case of diarrhea, a lot of water and various salts are released from the body. When this deficit is not filled, dehydration occurs. And if this dehydration goes to an extreme level, it can lead to death. So the first treatment for diarrhea is to fill the dehydration. The main symptoms of dehydration are:

Dry mouth
Thirsty
Dry or itchy eyes
Dry mouth and lips
Dark yellow, strong smelling urine
Decreased urination (less than 4 urination in 24 hours)
Dizziness or lightheadedness
Feeling tired

Some of the more common symptoms are in children under 5 years of age. These symptoms are relatively severe, so it is important to get the baby to the doctor immediately. Symptoms include:

Increased breathing and heart rate,
Crying but not tears,
Sitting on the soft part of the front of the palm of the head, and
Fainting

Causes of diarrhea in children
The most common causes of diarrhea are:

Infections or infections in the stomach. It is also called gastroenteritis. It usually heals within a few days.
Invasion of a virus called norovirus.
Food poisoning or food poisoning is also a common cause of thin stools or diarrhea. To find out more, read our article on food poisoning.
Also the causes of diarrhea or thin stools are:

Medication Side Effects – Read the instructions given with any medicine to see what are the side effects of the medicine.
Allergies to certain foods or intolerance to certain foods
Celiac disease
Covid-19

Domestic treatment of children’s thin stools

You can usually treat your baby’s diarrhea at home. The most important thing in this case is to drink plenty of fluids and eat food to avoid dehydration.

1. Treatment of dehydration in children with diarrhea

The main thing to do in the treatment of diarrhea is to make up for the lack of water and salt in the body. Therefore, in case of diarrhea, the child should be given adequate amount of food saline as well as plenty of fluids and nutritious food.

After each bowel movement, give 50-100 ml of liquid to children under 2 years of age, 100-200 ml of liquids to children between 2 and 10 years of age and as much as they can to children of 10 years of age.

2. What should children eat if they have diarrhea?

Continue to breastfeed or bottle feed the baby. If the child vomits, you can eat it again and again little by little.
Liquid drinks include chira water, rice starch, or coconut water. You can add a little salt to the rice flour.
For children who are eating formula or solid foods, give small sips of water between the two meals.

Feed the baby every three to four hours. It is better to feed little by little without giving too much food at once.
Prepare and feed the infant formula according to the instructions given. Do not feed the baby by making a thinner formula than that.

Do not eat if you have diarrhea

There is no reason to believe that giving certain foods to a child can cure diarrhea. For example, there is a widespread belief that diarrhea patients can eat nothing but white rice and glassware. This idea is not correct. Even if you have a thin bowel movement, you should eat all kinds of nutritious food made in a clean environment. However, in case of diarrhea, refrain from feeding the child fruit juices, soft drinks etc. bought from the market. This is because feeding can make diarrhea worse.

3. Diarrhea medicine

Diarrhea usually stops within 5-6 days, but dehydration caused by diarrhea requires immediate treatment. In most cases, it is possible to get rid of diarrhea through treatment at home. The following are the medicines for diarrhea:

1. Dietary saline: It is generally advisable to give the child a high dose of dietary saline in proportion to the age after each diarrhea. Even if you don’t have food saline at home, you can make food saline at home. Chira water, rice starch, or coconut water can also be given. You can add a little salt to the rice flour. If you feel nauseous, try to feed little by little.

2. Zinc tablets: Studies have shown that the drug zinc tablets can reduce the duration of thin stools by one-fourth. According to the doctor’s advice, the child can be given 20 mg zinc tablets or syrup for 10-14 days.

3. Paracetamol: Paracetamol can be taken if you feel discomfort in the stomach. Before giving the medicine to the child, read the instructions with the medicine well, and you must take the right amount of medicine according to the age.

4. Loperamide-type medicine: In case of emergency, the doctor may recommend taking loperamide-type medicine to close the stool for a few hours. However, the drug should never be used in children under 12 years of age. This can be harmful to health.

The child should also be fed nutritious food along with diarrhea medicine. Malnutrition is one of the leading causes of diarrhea in children. So babies under six months of age should continue to be breastfed and continue to eat nutritious food for older children. However, it should be kept in mind that in case of severe dehydration, saline may have to be given intravenously by hospitalization.

Medications that should not be taken in case of diarrhea

Medicines to stop diarrhea should not be taken in children under 12 years of age.
Do not give aspirin to children under 18 years of age. Make sure that the word ASPIRIN is written below the name of the medicine.
Do not take any antibiotics or over-the-counter laxatives without consulting first with your doctor.

What to do to prevent the spread of diarrhea in the family

In case of thin stools or diarrhea, the patient needs adequate rest. On the one hand, it will help in quick recovery, on the other hand, it will also play an important role in stopping the spread of diarrhea.

Keep the baby at home for at least two days after the diarrhea has healed. Do not send your child to play at school or on the field. Otherwise this thin stool or diarrhea may spread among others. What to do to prevent the spread of diarrhea:

Be sure to wash your baby’s hands frequently with soap and water.
Wash clothes or bed sheets that come in contact with the toilet separately with warm water.
Clean water faucets, door handles, toilet seats, flush handles, and areas that may be exposed to germs every day.

Do not do anything if you have diarrhea

Do not share baby dishes, knives, towels, clothes with anyone.
Do not drop the baby into a pond or swimming pool until 2 weeks have passed since the symptoms went away.

When to go to the doctor for the child’s diarrhea?

In case of diarrhea, if any of the following symptoms occur, consult a doctor immediately. The severe symptoms of diarrhea are:

Blood or sticky mucus going to the toilet,
Severe abdominal pain,
Diarrhea does not improve,
Not urinating once in 12 hours,
Symptoms of dehydration are mentioned above,
Fever for more than 48 hours with diarrhea, ie body temperature above 101 degrees Fahrenheit, and
The baby’s hands and feet become cold and there are spots on the skin.

These indicate a serious condition, so it is important to start treatment as soon as possible with the help of a doctor.

Liton Roy

আমি লিটন রায়, জগন্নাথ বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়, বাংলা বিভাগ হতে স্নাতক এবং স্নাতকোত্তর ডিগ্রি সম্পন্ন করে 2018 সাল থেকে সমাজের অর্থনৈতিক, রাজনৈতিক, সামাজিক,মানবিক দৃষ্টিভঙ্গি অবলোকন করে- জীবনকে পরিপূর্ণ আঙ্গিকে নতুন করে সাজানোর আশাবাদী। নতুনের প্রতি মানুষের আকর্ষণ চিরস্থায়ী- তাই নবরুপ ওয়েবসাইটে নিয়মিত লেখালেখি করি।

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