Allergies Causes, diagnosis, and treatment

Allergies can be largely controlled by following certain restrictions. Allergies are a very common problem. Children are more prone to allergies. However, the symptoms may decrease with age. Although many people do not have allergies in childhood, new allergies may appear later. Allergies can be largely controlled by following certain restrictions.

Causes of allergies

The body’s immune system protects us from harmful things. But sometimes forgetting some things makes you think that it is harmful, which is not really harmful. Allergy symptoms appear as a reaction of our immune system against these things. Such as: redness and itching of the skin.

The most common causes of allergies are:

Certain foods


Hot or cold weather


Domesticated animals and birds

Pollen pollen and flower pollen


Dust drops

Mold or fungus

Different medicines


Detergents and various chemicals

Gloves and condoms made of latex or special rubber


List of allergic foods

The most common foods that cause allergies include:

Hilsa fish
Babies may also be allergic to eggs and milk.

The person may have allergies to certain foods or foods. So it is necessary to keep an eye on the symptoms of allergies in contact with any kind of thing or eating food. This makes it much easier to control allergies.

Symptoms of allergies
The body responds very quickly to exposure to allergens. Symptoms of allergies include:

Itching, rash or rash on the skin
Some parts of the body become swollen or inflamed, blisters form and the skin peels off
Swelling of the lips, tongue, eyes and mouth
Itchy eyes, watery eyes, redness and swelling
Dry cough, sneezing, itchy nose and throat and runny nose
Shortness of breath, palpitations and shortness of breath while breathing
Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, upset stomach and diarrhea

When to go to the doctor
It is important to see a doctor in the following three cases:

If the symptoms do not go away even after taking the medicine
If new symptoms appear or the problem worsens after taking the medicine prescribed by the doctor
In case of severe allergic reactions

Severe allergic reactions

Severe reactions to allergic substances can rarely lead to an emergency called anaphylaxis. In this case, if immediate action is not taken, the patient may die. Such a patient should be taken to the nearest hospital as soon as possible. It is possible to save the life of the patient by giving timely injection.

How to understand if you have anaphylaxis:

Shortness of breath or shortness of breath while breathing

Chest-throat is getting stiff or stuck

Swelling of the mouth, lips, tongue or throat

Blue lips and skin

Feeling we have ‘Run out of gas’ emotionally

Confusion and anxiety

Dizziness or loss of balance

Chest throbbing or body wetting with sweat

Swelling of the skin with red rash or rash or itching of the skin

Blisters or blisters on the skin in some parts of the body

Anaphylaxis can be caused by allergies to food and drugs, contrast or dyes used in medical tests, or insect bites.

Treatment of allergies
Allergies can be largely controlled by following a specific diet and lifestyle.

Home Remedies and Lifestyle
Avoid foods and medicines that cause allergies. If you have asthma or any other respiratory disease, follow the doctor’s advice. Physical exercise, yoga and breathing exercises can be done to deal with stress.


Antihistamines are mainly used to treat allergies. These can be taken with the onset of allergy symptoms – even before the onset of symptoms. For example, if someone is allergic to dust and needs to clean their dust for special needs, antihistamines may be taken earlier.

These drugs are available in different forms. Such as: tablets, syrups and drops. Keep in mind that after taking some allergy medications, side effects such as drowsiness and dizziness may occur. So consult your doctor and choose the right medicine for you.

Nasal drops and sprays can be used according to the doctor’s prescription. However, do not use these drops and sprays for more than a week. With long-term use, allergy symptoms may return.

Various moisturizing creams and ointments can be used for skin allergies. Calamine lotion and 1% menthol cream works very well for itching. In addition, a towel wrapped in ice and applying a cold bath to the itchy area can give relief.

Steroids work well for severe allergies. Steroids are a very powerful drug that has many side effects. So you should not buy these drugs from internet or from pharmacy. Such drugs should be taken only on the advice of a doctor.


Immunotherapy is an effective treatment for severe allergies. This treatment makes the patient accustomed to the presence of certain allergens for a long time. As a result, the body of the next infected person does not react as strongly to the allergen as before. As a result, the symptoms are much easier to control.

In case of severe allergic reaction or anaphylaxis mentioned above, the affected person should be rushed to the nearest hospital. If symptoms of anaphylaxis occur, the patient should be given an injection immediately outside the thigh. These injections contain a life-saving hormone called adrenaline. This helps reduce the risk of death.

Allergy prevention

The best way to avoid allergies is to avoid allergens. Follow these tips to prevent allergies:

Avoid foods that cause allergies.
Make a pet house outside and keep them clean regularly.
To prevent allergies to dust mites, dust mites need to be kept dust free and clean. Bed sheets, kantha, pillow and quilt covers, window curtains – wash with lukewarm water at least once a week. Things that can’t be washed regularly are less likely to be used at home. Such as: carpet.

Also, read a good mask when tidying and wiping the bed. Wipe things that can be wiped with a damp cloth. It will not spread dust and sand.

Dust mite is a type of small insect. These cannot be seen with the naked eye. When viewed under a microscope, it looks like a white eight-legged insect. The dead cells that fall from our skin every day on the bed, carpet or sofa, survive by eating them.

Keep the home environment dry to protect it from fungus or mold. There is good ventilation as well. Avoid drying clothes indoors and remove if there are trees.
May cause allergies to heat or sweat. So if the body is hot or sweaty after work, stay in a ventilated place and wear loose clothing.

Colds can also cause allergies. In that case, refrain from getting wet in the rain and bathing in the pond. Kusum hot water can be used during bathing.
Some people may be allergic to certain metals. Wearing rings, jewelry and watches made of this metal can cause allergies. If you are allergic to certain metals, avoid using products made of those metals in your daily life.

Stay indoors as much as possible during the changing seasons to prevent allergies to flower pollen. When you go out, change your clothes and take a bath at home to wash away the pollen. If possible, let the clothes dry indoors. However, make sure that the fungus does not grow. Also, refrain from walking in areas where there is a lot of grass.
There may be allergies to chemicals in various cosmetics. Such as: soap, shampoo, facewash and perfume chemicals. Avoid using products that you have allergies to.

Special information: Breast milk to prevent allergies

There are many benefits to breastfeeding small children. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for babies up to six months of age. Some studies have shown that breastfeeding a baby without any solid foods for at least the first four months after birth may be effective in preventing allergies.

Testing and diagnosis

To find out the cause of the allergy, the doctor asks the infected person various questions and physical examination. He also examines whether there are any symptoms like allergies due to any other disease. The most important tests to detect allergies are:

Changing eating habits

Allergic foods are usually left out of the diet to see if the allergies are under control. Later, when you start eating again, try to see if the allergy comes back. It is usually advisable to keep a diary of the type of food allergy the patient has. This makes it possible to diagnose which foods the patient is allergic to.

Skin examination

An allergen is an allergen. A small amount of liquid containing allergens is given to the arm to examine the skin. Then a small hole is made in that place with a needle. If there is an allergy, the area starts to itch and turns red within 15 minutes.

Note that if you take antihistamines before the test, you will not get the right result.

Blood test

This test looks at blood samples to see if antibodies have been made against certain allergens.

Patch test

This test looks for the presence of a type of eczema or allergic skin disease called ‘contact dermatitis’ in the body.

Challenge test

This test is performed in several cases. The test should be performed in areas where emergency treatment is possible for severe allergic reactions. In this test, if there is an allergy to a particular food, the patient may have an allergic reaction to that food. It is also seen whether the allergic reaction is increasing by gradually increasing the amount of food.

Good to know

Many times sensitivity problems and intolerance or intolerance may initially appear to be an allergy problem. Knowing the difference between allergy, sensitivity and intolerance will make it easier to avoid treatment errors.

Allergies: Allergies are usually caused by a reaction in the immune system after a harmful substance has entered the body. For example: sneezing and coughing when dust enters the nose
Sensitivity: When an element affects the body more than usual, it is called sensitivity to that element. For example: Caffeine in a cup of coffee can cause heart palpitations and body tremors if you do more than usual.
Intolerance: Intolerance is the appearance of uncomfortable symptoms in the body due to the effect of a substance. Such as: Diarrhea after eating dairy foods. Note that this type of reaction has nothing to do with the body’s immune system.

Liton Roy

আমি লিটন রায়, জগন্নাথ বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়, বাংলা বিভাগ হতে স্নাতক এবং স্নাতকোত্তর ডিগ্রি সম্পন্ন করে 2018 সাল থেকে সমাজের অর্থনৈতিক, রাজনৈতিক, সামাজিক,মানবিক দৃষ্টিভঙ্গি অবলোকন করে- জীবনকে পরিপূর্ণ আঙ্গিকে নতুন করে সাজানোর আশাবাদী। নতুনের প্রতি মানুষের আকর্ষণ চিরস্থায়ী- তাই নবরুপ ওয়েবসাইটে নিয়মিত লেখালেখি করি।

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